Wellbeing is not a one-dimensional idea but a multifaceted construct composed of several different elements. The SAHMRI Wellbeing and Resilience Centre incorporates Dr Martin Seligman's PERMA dashboard (Positive Emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning and Accomplishment) PLUS, Physical Activity, Nutrition, Sleep and Optimism, to measure and build wellbeing.The PLUS constructs have been added in response to consultations with global experts in wellbeing measurement, who have indicated that this will provide a more comprehensive evaluation of individual and societal wellbeing.
The SAHMRI Wellbeing and Resilience Centre has built on the University of Pennsylvania’s PERMA-Profiler and EPOCH measurement of wellbeing tools to create the PERMA+ Profiler (for adults) and PERMA+ Youth (for adolescents).
The PERMA-Profiler and EPOCH have been licensed from the University of Pennsylvania, with validated questions added to cover the additional constructs of PERMA+ and enable delivery of a PERMA+ report.
Other Wellbeing Measures in South Australia
The Department for Education and Child Development and the Fraser Mustard Institute (a research translation partnership between DECD and the Telethon Kids Institute) are collaborating on the Australian Early Development Census, a nationwide data collection of early childhood development for five year olds, as well as the Wellbeing and Engagement Collection for 8-14 year olds to measure the wellbeing of middle-years students in South Australia and their engagement with school. Areas of development to be measured include: social and emotional wellbeing; relationships and learning in school; physical health and lifestyle.
De-identified date will be made available to the Centre for joint research about cohorts of children and young people. This may include linking to data generated by the Wellbeing and Resilience in projects for late adolescence and adulthood to mature age.
Comprehensive Soldier Fitness
The US military has reliably measured wellbeing and resilience at scale since 2008, as part of a resilience building initiative known as Comprehensive Soldier Fitness [CSF].
They have used a comprehensive tool known as the Global Assessment Tool (GAT) to provide soldiers and their families with measurement of various domains of health (social, emotional, spiritual, family and physical fitness), and support mechanisms in the form of resilience training following conflicts.
Working with partners it is intended that appropriate wellbeing measurement tools for all cohorts across the life course will be licensed or developed and validated, including for pregnant women and new mothers, as a proxy measure for infant wellbeing, Aboriginal Australians, older citizens in the community and in residential care, prisoners, people with disabilities, children under the guardianship of the Minister, and others.
Measurement tools currently used by the Wellbeing and Resilience Centre
wellbeing and resilience
for all people
across life course
a prototype for global wellbeing
A research licence between University of Pennsylvania and the SAHMRI Wellbeing and Resilience Centre of use of the use of the PERMA measure is in place.